The largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country, it is also the oldest, flattest and driest inhabited continent. This megadiverse country offers a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.
A province of Indonesia and the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. The upland town of Ubud in Greater Denpasar is considered Bali's cultural centre. The province is Indonesia's main tourist destination, with a significant rise in tourism since the 1980s. Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Muslim-majority Indonesia. It is renowned for its highly developed arts.
The largest country in both South America and Latin America, the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. It is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest.
Officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, it is a country located in Southeast Asia. Phnom Penh is the nation's capital and largest city. Buddhism is enshrined in the constitution as the official state religion, and is practised by more than 97% of the population. The region now known as Cambodia has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The Khmer Empire flourished for over 600 years. The Indianised kingdom facilitated the spread of first Hinduism and then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia and undertook many religious infrastructural projects throughout the region. Angkor Wat is the most famous of these structures and is designated as a World Heritage Site.
A landlocked country in Central Europe, the heart of Central Europe, rich in history and culture and known world-widely for its capital, Prague.
The most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai was established in the 18th century as a small fishing village; the city grew rapidly in the early 21st century into a cosmopolitan metropolis with a focus on tourism and hospitality. Dubai is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations. It has the second most five-star hotels in the world and the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa.
A socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Present-day Laos traces its historic and cultural identity to Lan Xang, which existed from the 14th century to the 18th century as one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Nowadays, tourists mostly visit these three locations in Laos: Vang Vieng (known for its party culture), Luang Prabang (known for its Buddhist traditions) and Vientiane (the capital).
AIt is the 10th-most-populous country and has the most Spanish-speakers. Mexico is organized as a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, its capital and largest metropolis. Pre-Columbian Mexico traces its origins to 8,000 BC and is identified as one of the six cradles of civilization; it was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations, most notably the Maya and the Aztecs. Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for the number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is also one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries, ranking fifth in natural biodiversity. Mexico's rich cultural and biological heritage, as well as varied climate and geography, makes it a major tourist destination: as of 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals.
A megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.Peru is the third largest country in South America. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures, most notably the Inca Empire. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua languages, Aymara, or other Indigenous languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
A cultural, commercial, and financial center in the U.S. state of California. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, and its Chinatown district. San Francisco is also the headquarters of companies such as Twitter, Airbnb, Levi Strauss & Co., Gap Inc., Dropbox, Uber and Lyft. The city, and the surrounding Bay Area, is a global center of the sciences and arts and is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions.
Officially the Kingdom of Thailand, located in Southeast Asia, is renowned for its history, culture, Buddhist monasteries, beaches and plastic surgery. Thailand is classified as a newly industrialised economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.